The applicant should provide some description of the research methods that they intend to employ in addressing their research topic. However, it is important not to become too concerned at this stage about the depth or specificity of the proposal with respect to research method. Much of the first year is engaged in refining and developing the research method. Nonetheless, it is useful to know whether the applicant is proposing to examine the research topic through theoretical or empirical methods and, if the latter, the types of qualitative or quantitative information that might be examined and how this might be assembled. In the past, some proposals have been so general or broad that there were concerns about whether they could be undertaken by a single researcher in a lifetime rather than in the 3-4 years of a PhD research project.